The UK economy is the second largest in the eurozone. Almost every industrial sector is well established in the UK and those worth mentioning include Aerospace, Agriculture, Automotive, Business and professional services, Chemicals, Construction, Consumer goods, Defence equipment, Education, Electronics, Energy, Entertainment, Financial services, Food and beverages, Healthcare, Hospitality and leisure, Industrial equipment, Information technology, Media, Pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, Processed metals, Real estate, Retailing, Scientific equipment, Telecommunications, Tourism, Transportation and logistics, Utilities.
The UK is emerging from recession in the Eurozone with growth in manufacturing and construction. The National Institute for Economic and Social Research is predicting growth of 2.5% in 2014 and 2.1% in 2015. Some economists predict that growth could reach 3% if inflation is properly managed. Unemployment is expected to fall to 6.5 -7% in 2014. Interest rates will remain low and inflation should remain around 2%.
Growth in 2013 was helped by a boost in consumer spending but that will not continue without an increase in wages and a higher debt-to-income ratio in the future.
The manufacturing and construction sectors are still not as strong as they should be and further investments in these sectors is required.
One of the issues that businesses in the UK are keen to address is productivity and many companies are holding off on hiring and pay increases until this issue is tackled.
David Cameron is keen to push more 'reshoring' of jobs in the manufacturing sector and 2013 saw over 1,500 jobs return to the UK in the automobile, clothing, manufacturing and other industries. The provision of cheaper energy including nuclear and 'shale gas' is seen as paramount to increased job creation.
Other challenges in the British economy include an aging population, youth unemployment, an inflexible labour market and competing with the US on energy costs. The US has the advantage of shale gas which is three times cheaper than British gas.
In an effort to increase competitiveness the conservative government is investing £375billion in energy, transport, communications and water over the next 5 years. This will be matched by £25billion from the insurance industry. Taxes have been cut and welfare has undergone reform. There are generous tax incentives for investors in start-up companies. All these efforts should go a long way towards driving growth in the UK.
Researchandexperts.com is a leading source of market research on the UK.
World Bank Overview of the United Kingdom
CIA World Factbook on UK
National Institute for Economic and Social Research (UK)
UK Trade and Investment